Drinking and Infectious Diseases

Infectious diseases are caused by a diverse group of microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, parasites, and fungi. Some established risk factors for infectious diseases include individual factors and external factors. This Health Review focuses on infectious diseases associated with alcohol consumption. 

Last reviewed: September 2022

IARD Health Reviews offer a referenced overview of recent peer-reviewed, published research on the relationship between alcohol consumption and health outcomes. They are not intended to be exhaustive representations of all scientific research on a given subject and, as research is constantly evolving, they might not include the most recent findings. 

Video: How does IARD develop its Health Reviews?
Video: Understanding study designs in health research

These materials do not necessarily reflect the views of IARD or its member companies. The reviews report the findings of the referenced studies and are not intended to advise individuals about their drinking. People with specific questions about their drinking are encouraged to consult a healthcare professional. Together, they can determine what is best for that individual based on individual risk factors, including family history, genetics, and lifestyle. For some people, the better choice may be to not drink at all. 

IARD Health Reviews should be read in their entirety and not misrepresented or taken out of context.  

Chapter 1 Background (September 2023)
Chapter 2 Drinking and tuberculosis (September 2023)
Chapter 3 Drinking and human immunodefiency virus (in progress)
Chapter 4 Discussion of conceptual and methodological issues  (in progress)

Click "download" below for a document that brings together the four chapters of the IARD Health Review: Drinking and Infectious Diseases. The material included in the document is identical to the individual chapters except that it combines the glossaries from each chapter into one page.

How to cite full review: coming soon

How to cite chapters:
Ladwa, C. M., Fernandez-Borunda, A., Mills, A., & Tujague, J. (2023). Chapter 1. Background (Health Review: Drinking and infectious diseases). Washington, D.C.: International Alliance for Responsible Drinking. Retrieved from https://www.iard.org/getattachment/9ef4ca04-dbdb-4c0d-985d-41a67ad64e14/IARD-Health-Review-Drinking-and-Infectious-Diseases-Review-Background.pdf?lang=en-US

Ladwa, C.M., Fernandez-Borunda, A., Carrillo, V., Mills, A.B., & Tujague, J. (2023). Chapter 2. Drinking and Tuberculosis (Health Review: Drinking and infectious diseases). Washington, D.C.: International Alliance for Responsible Drinking. Retrieved from https://www.iard.org/getattachment/4da6f9f2-218d-4307-a73f-38e3704a17ad/IARD-Health-Review-Drinking-and-Infectious-Diseases-Review-Tuberculosis.pdf?lang=en-US